Probate In India: Definition, Importance & Application

  Probate In India: Definition, Importance & Application                        @1                        A will  is a document that is drawn by a person with clear instructions as to how his/her assets are to be distributed on their death. In certain situations — and only in certain jurisdictions, such as Mumbai, Kolkota and Chennai — the executor of the will may need to apply for a probate in order to legalise it. This article will discuss, in detail, what a probate is, when one is needed in India, what the court fees are, and how it can be obtained. @2 What is a Probate? The Indian Succession Act, 1925 decrees that a probate is official proof of a will. A probate is issued to the executor, or the person who is authorized to implement or execute the will and thereby adds a legal character to the will. A probate, as defined in the India Sucessession Act, 1925, is ‘A copy of will certified under the seal of a court of competent jurisdiction with grant of administration of the

Bail Application /What is bail application ?

 What is bail application ?                                                                                             

  The bail format India under Section 437 of Code of Criminal Procedure can be filed by any close relative or Parokar on behalf of the accused if the bail application is being moved when the accused is not before the Court.                                                                                                                                                                             @1                               



   What is bail in Crpc?                                                                                

Bail is a written promise known as a bail undertaking to appear in court on a particular date. If you're charged with an offence, bail allows you to go home to wait for your court hearing rather than remain in custody. It can be granted at any stage of a criminal proceeding.

   @2          Types of bail

Is bail a right?                                                                                                                         Rights. Under current law, a defendant has an absolute right to bail if the custody time limits have expired and otherwise ordinarily a right to bail unless there is sufficient reason not to grant it, Any person accused of committing a crime is presumed innocent until proven guilty in a court of law.

@3

What is different types of bail?                                                                                           Here is the list of the six different bail forms:

Citation Release. Police officers will come to your house and provide you with a citation release that states the time and date you have to appear in court.

Surety Bond. ... 

Recognizance. ... 

Property Bond. ... 

Immigration Bond. ... 

Cash Bond.

 @4           Bailable  and non bailable

What are bailable non bailable offence?                                                                                        Non-bailable offences are serious offences where bail is a privilege and only the courts can grant it. ... In the case of a non-bailable offence the police cannot release anyone on bail and so the arrested person has to make an application for bail before a magistrate or court.                               

@5

Can police grant bail in non bailable offence?                                                                                   In the case of bailable offences, if the accused produces proper surety, and fulfils other conditions, it is binding upon the Investigating officer to grant bail. However, in case of a non-bailable offence, the police cannot grant bail; it can only be granted by a Judicial Magistrate/Judge.

@6

Bail procedure

Who can grant bail in bailable offence?                                                                                           In case of bailable offence the police has power to grant bail, but after the challans are filed in court, the accused person has to fill the prescribed bail bond in order to get regular bail from court.

@7

How is bail amount decided?                                                                    Factors That Influence Bail Amounts. In addition to the seriousness of the charged crime, the amount of bail usually depends on factors such as a defendant's past criminal record, whether a defendant is employed, and whether a defendant has close ties to relatives and the community.

@8
Bail set
How does bail bond work?                                                                                    A bail bond is a form of bail payment provided on a defendant's behalf by a bail bond agent. ... For example, a bond agent may require the defendant to physically give the bond agent pieces of jewelry that the bond agent can sell to recover the full bond amount if the defendant fails to appear in court.

@9
How is bail set?                                                                                                            your surety can produce election id,ration card,land document copy,drivers,licence,passport any one of this with salary certificate,if salaried or land document if he has or any property document in name.personal bond id the discretion of the court which gives you bail
@10
Bail and bond
What  is difference between bail and bond?                                                            Bail is the money a defendant must pay in order to get out of jail. A bond is posted on a defendant's behalf, usually by a bail bond company, to secure his or her release. ... If the defendant fails to appear or violates the conditions of the release, he or she might forfeit the amount paid.

@11
Where does the money from bail go?                                                                                      Bail money is held by the court until the court case is resolved or the individual fails to appear. In the first case the money is returned to the individual who paid it. In the last case the money is forfeited and is distributed according to regulation usually to law enforcement and/or the courts.
Information of bail
@12
What is bail money used for?                                                                                                                  Bail is a process by which you pay a set amount of money to obtain your release from police custody. As part of your release, you promise to appear in court for all of your scheduled criminal proceedings. If you show up to court as promised, the bail amount will be returned.

@13
Can a  judge deny bail?I                                                                                                                        If a suspect is accused of murder, then under normal circumstances bail is automatically denied. A judge may also deny bail, if the judge believes the defendant is a flight risk. It is always a good idea for everyone accused of a crime to have an attorney.

@14
Do you have a constitutional right to bail?                                                                                                     The Eighth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution provides, "excessive bail shall not be required." The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that the Constitution permits holding a defendant without bail pending a criminal trial. No absolute right to bail exists. Bail is not meant to act as pre-trial punishment or as a fine.
@15
About bail
What happens if you break your bail conditions ?                                                                                 Breaching bail conditions is not a crime. Breaking conditions imposed by the police when you are given bail is not a crime. If you break bail conditions you can be arrested, but then the police have to decide whether to: ... charge you with an offence, and then either bail you or take you to Court the next day.


@16
Can you pay your own bail?                                                                                                           Posting bail can be done in a few ways, such as: Paying by cash or check; ... Giving a bond (a promise to pay if you don't appear) in the full amount of your bail; or. Signing a statement that says you will appear in court at the required time, generally called being released on your own recognizance or "O.R."
@17
Cognizable offence
Can bail be granted in cognizable offence?                                                            If there are reasonable grounds for believing that he has been guilty of an offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life then the person shall not be granted bail. ... In a non bailable offence, the accused does not have a right to be released on bail. In these offences, the discretion is with the Court.
@18
Bail amount
Bail amount can not be refunded.                                   
      The bail amount is deposited for securing release pending trial, hence once you deposit such amount you get out of prison. ... The bail amount is refunded by the court to the innocent at the end of his/her trial. The court does not return it with interest.
                  THANK YOU

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